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Love Animals? Here are the 5 Things You Should Know to Defend Their Rights in India

If you like working for stray animals, you ought to know these laws to save yourself from any kind of harassment!

This image is from Juhu where I had encounter with street dogs in lovely environment.

People fail to understand that the voiceless animals are living beings who feel the same amount of pain and sadness as humans, and in some cases, even more. In India, animal lovers feeding or caring for strays are met with unbelievable hatred since strays are seen as a threat.


However, there are some rules put forward by the Constitution of India in favor of the voiceless and those who are working towards the welfare of these animals.


1. The Delhi High Court states that there are no laws that prohibit people from feeding stray animals.


In fact, feeding strays is both lawful and helpful since it makes it easy to confine them to one particular area that they belong to. This facilitates efficient birth control and annual vaccination.


2. It is a criminal offense to feed poisonous food to stray animals.


A person who is caught doing so can be charged under Section 11 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960, which extends to the whole of India, except Jammu and Kashmir.


3. It is illegal to maim or cause any injury to any animal.


Sections 428 and 429 of the Indian Penal Code and the Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960 make it illegal to maim or cause injury to any animal. It is also illegal for vehicles to purposefully injure dogs, cats and cows on the streets. A person who is caught violating these laws can be reported to the local animal protection group and to the police. A case can also be filed under the above mentioned sections.

The punishment for all of the above acts is a fine of at least Rs. 2000 and/or a jail term of up to five years.4. No sterilized dogs can be relocated from their area Under the Government of India, Animal Birth Control Rules 2001, no sterilized dogs can be relocated from their area. As per five different High Court Orders, sterilized dogs have to remain in their original areas. In case a dog is not sterilized, the society can just ask an animal welfare organization to sterilize and vaccinate the dog.


4. The Animal Welfare Board of India issues IDs for people who feed stray animals.


These IDs help people who want to protect the strays from abusive animal-haters. 

The Board also organizes Animal Welfare Fortnight, which do not gain the kind of attention that they should.


5. The implementation of these rules largely depend on the NGOs.


Stray dogs are protected under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, and rules enacted under Section 38 of the act, particularly, the Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001; Indian Penal Code, sections 428 & 429 and Article 51A (g) of the Constitution. Despite such extensive laws, people go free without punishment because bringing them to justice is a difficult task.


Please be the voice of these voiceless animals. 

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